has produced a galaxy of great saints, seers and savants who have enriched,
elevated and refined life and helped the people at large in distress. This
is perfectly showcased in the Shankracharya Temple.
early Kashmiri style. It tries to introduce the early Sihara style and has
still one-storeyed gable pediment which is evident even now. Here we find
the early specimen of the horse shoe arch, prominent in the final stages of
this architecture, as, for example, in Martand.
Architecture & Design
Shankracharya Kashmir temple stands on a solid rock and consists of an octagonal basement of
13 layers. Each of the four sides has two projections which terminate in
pediment and agable, the latter intersecting the main roof half way up its
slope. The body of the temple is surrounded by a terrace enclosed by a stone
wall or parapet, 3.5 feet high. This in following the outline of the
basement, preserves its octagonal shape. From the terrace another flight
often steps leads to the door of the temple. The interior is a chamber,
circular in plan, with a basin containing a lingam. The whole of the
building is of stone, which is laid throughout in horizontal courses, no
cement appearing to have been used.
Shankracharya Temple Kashmir :History
It was first built by Jalauka, the son of great Emperor Ashoka, about 200
B.C. The temple was later rebuilt and dedicated to Jyesthesvara by
Gopaditya, who ruled from 253 A.D. to 328. The Shankracharya hill was called Gopadri and
the village at its foot on the south is still called Gopkar. It is also said
that once Shankaracharya, a famous Hindu
saint, came to Kashmir from South
India to revive Hinduism. He stayed on the top of the hill for sometime and
the hill thus came to be known as Shankaracharya hill.